AUBG MUN’s Security Council started the official discussion with regard to the South
China Sea dispute between China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, and the Philippines. The
issues at stake include states’ access to natural resources worth trillions of dollars. On Feb. 18, 15
Members joined the negotiations table to decide how to resolve the situation. By the end of the
first half of the session, the participating Members were still remotely away from settling on the
However heated the debates are, one fact remains clear. Several Members of the Security
Council are trying to build coalitions to lobby their own national interests and ensure the best
outcome possible. The United States of America represented by Anatoly Prekrasnyy, in the
coalition with the UK, France, and the Ukraine, submitted the working paper proposing the
creation of the international forum under the supervision of the UN’s impartial ad-hoc committee
with an aim of resolving the territorial claims and ensuing the compliance with the provisions of
international law. The paper led to lengthy negotiations with objections voiced by the People’s
Republic of China and the Russian Federation. “We will probably get China on our side as it can
clearly benefit from the deal. The biggest challenge is to impose the moratorium on military
vessels in South China Sea until the dispute has been settled,” said Prekrasnyy.
China is one of the key players in the region with its own interests at stake. China’s
military power and its regional intentions put it in the opposition to a coalition led by the US.
“China does not see the propositions of the working paper as serving the purpose properly,”
Benjamin Richter, who represents People’s Republic of China, said. China would rather see
bilateral negotiations between the states of the South China sea region instead of proposed
multilateral negotiations under the umbrella of the UN’s impartial ad hoc committee, according
to Richter. “The economic consequences of the settled deal would be the crucial part in the
negotiations to come,” he admitted.
The Security Council is faced with the task of drafting the resolution that will conform to
the common interest of all the 15 Members. The voting will be held on Feb. 18 with each
Member having one vote. The final resolution will be legally binding to all the Members States.
- Written by Adel Zabbarov
- Photo Credits // Daria Biryukova